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Senedd Business

This guide can be downloaded as a PDF (8.24MB)


Making laws for Wales

Devolved subject areas



Welcome to the Senedd. The Senedd is made up of 60 Members elected by the people of Wales to represent them and their communities, make laws for Wales and to ensure the Welsh Government is doing its job properly.

The job of the Senedd is to make sure that the things the Welsh Government is doing are in the best interests of Wales and its people.

The Senedd does this by:

looking over and voting on whether to pass laws;

asking questions and making suggestions about policies; and,

agreeing how much money the Welsh Government can spend and making sure it is spent properly. 


Making laws for Wales

The Senedd can make laws for Wales. Senedd laws are called ‘Acts of the Senedd’. The Senedd has the power to pass laws in 20 areas, known as subjects. These subjects are the areas of Welsh life which have been devolved to the Senedd from the UK Parliament in London. There is generally a four-stage process for the consideration of a Bill.

Stage 1

The Bill is given to a specific committee to work on, depending on its subject. The committee asks people what they think the Bill should do. They hold meetings to discuss the Bill with experts and members of the public.

Stage 2

The committee looks in detail at the way the Bill is written. The committee discusses amendments to the Bill – changes to the wording they think are needed to improve the Bill.

Stage 3

All 60 Members of the Senedd look at the updated Bill in detail in Plenary. They look at the Bill in detail and vote on whether to amend it by changing the wording.

Stage 4

All 60 Assembly Members vote on whether to agree to the final text of the Bill so that it can become a new law (an Act of the Assembly). Royal Assent The Queen formally agrees to make the Bill into an Act. This happens for all laws made by the UK Parliament, the Northern Ireland Assembly, the Scottish Parliament and the National Assembly for Wales. To find out more visit this page.

Devolved subject areas

Agriculture, forestry, animals, plants and rural development

Ancient monuments and historic buildings


Economic development

Education and training


Fire and rescue services and fire safety


Health and health services

Highways and transport


Local government

National Assembly for Wales

Public administration

Social welfare

Sport and recreation


Town and country planning

Water and flood defence

Welsh language

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